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BION Events East Indian leopard gecko (Eublepharis hardwickii)

East Indian leopard gecko (Eublepharis hardwickii)

The East Indian leopard gecko (Eublepharis hardwickii) inhabits the low mountain region of East India and Bangladesh, where it could be found around 500-1,500 m above sea level.

Adult animals attain a length of 20-23 cm. The coloration of adults is similar to Hemitheconyx or Goniurosaurus.

The East Indian leopard gecko (Eublepharis hardwickii) is a nocturnal insectivorous species. It prefers moist and dry forests and can be found under big boulders and in hollows at the base of the trees. Sometimes it could be found in the human settlements.

This species is not listed by CITES. However, it’s still rare in captivity and extremely interesting for keeping and breeding.

As of May 2015, the breeding group of East Indian leopard gecko in BION included 1 adult male and 4 females. That year we had 6 clutches and 3 juveniles.

The typical enclosure conditions:

For an adult group, we recommend to use the enclosure no less than 500x450x400 cm. The bottom area should not be less than 0.2 m². Except for the breeding season, we keep adults separately.

Substrate: paper sheets or clay.

Decoration: bamboo and stones shelters, a moist chamber (with moss or wet paper sheets), and a water bowl.

Illumination: a full spectrum lamp is needed only for youngs. For adults, we use fluorescent lamps. The Day length is usually 12 hours and up to 14 hours in the breeding season.

Temperature and heating: we don`t use spot lamps for this species. The temperature at the enclosures should be about 22-23º C at night and 25-26º C (no more than 28º C!) in the daytime.

Humidity: 70-80% (spraying with warm water 3 times a day).

Diet: adult animals receive crickets (4-6 ones 3-4 times a week), Shefordella tartara (5 insects once a week, immobilized), baby mice (one a week for gravid females and females after them making a clutch).

Mineral supplements: we give Calcium 3-4 times a week with crickets, and there is a dish with Calcium powder with D3 at the enclosure.

Hibernation: a hibernation takes about 75 days (usually, from January to February). Temperature: 16-18º C. Humidity: 70-80%. Illumination: not used. A water bowl and moist chamber are necessary. Before and after wintering, we bring down and raise the temperature gradually during 14 days.

Breeding:

East Indian leopard geckos (Eublepharis hardwickii)  become sexually mature at the age of 12-18 months. During the breeding season, the animals need high humidity, 14-hour day, and a moist chamber with wet coco bark. For mating, we keep adults in groups of 1 male with 1-3 females.

Pregnancy takes about 19-20 days after mating. The interval between clutches is also 19-20 days.

Temperature of incubation: 28º C to obtain females and 32º C to obtain males.

Humidity for incubation: 70-80% (a drop of water should appear on the substrate surface – vermiculate – after pressing it).

Offsprings:

We keep young animals in plastic boxes until their 3 month age. We recommend using ferplasts of 45x30x30 cm for every individual.

Substrate: paper towels.

Humidity: babies need spraying 2-3 times a day and a moist chamber.

At the age of 3 months, we move youngs to the bigger terrariums. Males should be kept separately, and females could be placed in couples.

Feeding: proper-sized crickets and cockroaches.

Calcium should be proposed with every feeding.

Veterinary:

Calcium is very important to prevent problems with the health of these geckos. So, animals should receive calcium with every feeding and in the dish at their enclosure.

If juveniles show the first signs of richets, you should promptly give them high UV illumination (for example, 280 nm 2 minutes once every 2 days) and more calcium (calcium gluconate in liquid should be offered orally 2-3 drops every other day) until their absolute recovery.

 

Useful sources:

- www.iucnredlist.org/details/174115/0

- http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Eublepharis&species=hardwickii

- The Eyelash Geckos, Care, Breeding and Natural History by Andreas Kirschner, Yuri Kaverkin, Hermann Seufer (Hollywood Import and Export, Inc. 2005)