The Herpetoculture (similar to aquaculture) is large scale breeding of invertebrates, amphibians and reptiles for the needs of reptile keepers’ and breeders’ community and pet industry. The reason is quite obvious: a lot of people like to have these unusual creatures as pets. Herpetoculture has evolved thanks to possibility of compact housing, high fertility of many species and constant development of breeding techniques. This business also includes producers of food items, various mineral and vitamin supplementation, terrariums and other equipment (lamps, foggers, automatic systems, decorations), as well as availability of special literature.
Herpetoculture started in the USA in the 1980's and is now widely spread around the world. Proper breeding centers, farms and private sector exist in, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Holland, Germany, USA, Canada, Japan, Thailand, China, Salvador, Columbia, Bolivia and many other countries. In Ukraine, BION Terrarium Center has been successfully operating and developing for over last 28 years.
As the matter of fact BION is a complex of laboratories for breeding of invertebrates, amphibians and reptiles, located in Kyiv and Kharkiv. All animals undergo complete technological process of breeding - from raising captive bred juveniles to making breeding pairs/groups of adult, sexually mature animals. Breeding process is always recorder in a form of statistics, photo and video reports. The origin of breeding stock is well documented and meet all CITES requirements.
BION is not only a commercial enterprise, but also an international profile-methodical center for reptiles’ breeding. We developed techniques for ex situ breeding of many rare and popular species in laboratory conditions.
Responsible Zooculture is supported by CITES, IUCN & WAZA as an alternative to the exploitation of natural resources.
- Mexican tarantula (Brachypelma smithi Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) reaches puberty at 3 years. One female lays up to 600 eggs, with 50% hatching and growing babies;
- blue Australian frog (Pelodryas (Litoria) caerulea (White, 1790)) reaches puberty at 3 years. One female lays up to 300 eggs, with 80-90% of hatchlings;
- veiled chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus Duméril and Bibron, 1851) reaches puberty at 6-8 months. One female can lay up to 200 eggs during one breeding season, with 70% of successful hatching.