Iranian leopard gecko (Eublepharis angramainyu)
As a matter of fact, the Iranian leopard gecko (Eublepharis angramainyu) is the largest and the most attractive representative of the Eublepharis genus and an amazing species introduced in Herpetoculture both for hobbyists and collectors.
The size of an adult male could reach 30 cm. It is a robust lizard with a high yellow basic color (Ilam province).
We have been keeping Iranian leopard geckos (Eublepharis angramainyu) in BION Terrarium Center since 2010 and started to breed them on a regular basis in 2012. We obtained the first breeding group (originated from the Ilam province, Iran) in December 2010; the second group (originated from the Kermanshah province, Iran) was obtained in 2013. As of October 2014, we had the following groups as our breeding stock:
- First group (Ilam) of 2:4:7
- Second group (Kermanshah) of 2:1:4
- Third group – hybrid (mix Ilam + Kermanshah) of 0:2
The keeping details:
Terrarium: For an adult pair or group (1.2) - no less than of 500х450х400cm. Important: the bottom area should be at least 0.2 m². Substrate: clay.
Babies and young lizards are kept separately by 1-2 specimens in a plastic box with bottom heating. We keep separately babies from different clutches. With the growth of animals, we move them into larger boxes. Substrate: paper or wipes.
Decoration: Water bowls, bamboo tubes as hiding places, a moist chamber (a box with damp moss).
Illumination (the day length): a full spectrum lamp; 12 hours.
Heating: a 60-watt spot lamp; 12 hours.
UV: is not required for adults; a full spectrum lamp is for babies.
Temperature: daytime 28-32°C, nighttime 25-26°C.
Humidity: 50-60%. Achieved by spraying 2 times a day.
Diet: We feed adult specimens with crickets 2-3 times a week 5 insects dusted with calcium per animal; Turkestan roaches – 1 time a week 5 insects per animal; 1 mouse – once a week (for pregnant females or after laying eggs).
We feed babies with сrickets – 5 times a week 5 proper-sized insects dusted with calcium per animal.
Mineral supplements: The dish with Calcium powder with D3 should be constantly available in the terrarium.
Iranian leopard geckos reach their sexual maturity at 10-14 months old.
Adult animals are kept together in groups of 1:2 and separated only for the hibernation period.
Hibernation takes 2.5 months from October to February and is arranged for adult animals as follows:
- 7 days for the preparatory period, with a temperature of 28-32°C, without food.
- 2 months, with a temperature of 17 - 18°C, without lighting, only a water bowl and a moist chamber.
- 4-7 days for coming out of hibernation; a gradual increase in temperature by 2-3°C every day.
Then, usual keeping conditions are provided.
Pregnancy takes about 18-24 days.
One female can lay 3-4 clutches per season, which consist of 1-2 (usually 2) eggs.
There are about 18-24 days between two clutches.
The incubation temperature is 28°C for obtaining females and 32°C for obtaining males.
The incubation period is 46-61 days.
The level of humidity should be around 60-80% (a drop of water should appear on the substrate surface after pressing it). We use a vermiculate as a substrate.
Statistics of our breeding seasons:
- In 2012, we got 6 babies from 1 female (3 clutches, 6 eggs in total)
- In 2013, we got 7 babies from 1 female (4 clutches, 7 eggs in total)
- In 2014, we got 23 babies from 5 females (18 clutches, 35 eggs in total).
Iranian leopard geckos are still in high demand and, therefore, we always ask our customers to reserve them in advance.
Features of keeping offspring:
We recommend keeping babies in plastic boxes from hatching and for the next 90 days. We use plastic boxes of 45x30x30 cm. Paper or wipes instead of a substrate. Starting from the 90th day (after three–month age), we keep each male separately in larger boxes; two females can be kept together (provided the animals are from the same clutch).
Rickets (bones deformation and softening) may develop in juveniles and adults in case of wrong care.
To prevent this, the exposure of UV should be increased (“hard” UV over 280nm for 2 minutes every other day until improvement).
Also, the dose of calcium should be increased (calcium gluconate in liquid should be offered orally 2-3 drops from 2 ml syringe every other day until the situation improves.
Eublepharisangramainyu Anderson & Leviton, 1966 (Western Leopard Gecko, Iranian Fat-Tailed Gecko)
Eublepharismacularius: Boulenger, 1885a: 97 (in part; not Blyth, 1854). -F. Werner, 1917:197; 1936:200. -Smith, 1935:128. -S. Anderson, 1963:435-437, fig. 8.
Eublepharisangramainyu S. Anderson and Leviton, 1966a: 1-5, figs. 1-2 (Type locality: between MasjedSoleyrnan and Batvand, Khuzestan Province, Iran; Holotype: CAS 86384). -S. Anderson, 1968:332. -J. J. Schmidtler and J. F. Schmidtler, 1970:239-241, figs. 1-2. -Tuck, 1971b: 56. -S. Anderson, 1974:31, 43-Schleich, 1977:127, 129. -Darevsky, 1978:207-208, fig. 3. Welch, 1983:6. -Szczerbak and Golubev, 1986:29-30 [1996:29], fig. 7. -Grisrner, 1988:441-452. -Kluge, 1991:8. -Leviton et al, 1992:36-37, col. p1. 4H. -Kluge, 1993: 10.
EublepharisensafiBaloutch and Thireau, 1986:281-288, figs. 1-6 (Type locality: Fakke, ca 150 km N Ahvaz, Iran; Holotype: MuséeFacultë des Sciences de Tehran 456).