Breeding & keeping info

THE BREEDING & RAISING OF FURCIFER BALTEATUS IN UKRAINE
by Sergei Prokopiev (Kharkiv, Ukraine)

Found stock:

Three young males and six females were obtained in January 2012 from the public zoo.

adult female IMG 6416                      

 The keeping conditions:

Adult chameleons are kept one by one in terrariums 65x65x80cm.

Decorations and equipment: branches, live plants, water drops system and the 40 watts lamp. We don’t provide an additional heating or UV lamps.

Illumination: we provide 12 hours of day light.

Temperature: day 24-26ºC, night 21-23ºC.

Diet: crickets, cockroaches, zophobas. We don’t give vitamins, only calcium supplementation. 

Breeding:

Only three females were involved in the breeding after reaching sexual maturity.

IMG 6794 IMG 6805

One female was kept together with male during the period from 24.09.14 till 01.11.14. We observed mating, but the female does not become immune to male courtship and doesn’t express “pregnant” behavior.

Meanwhile this female laid clutch on 21.02.2015 (the time from the last observed mating was 83 days).

Two other females mated once on 23.01.2015 and 16.01.2015 accordingly, then they start to show signs of “pregnant” behavior like rejection of the male, expressed in aggressive mood and color changing. Clutches were laid on 01.04.2015 and 16.04.2015 accordingly. The time from observed mating was 67 and 88 days accordingly.

Temperature of incubation: 22-24º C with diapause 1,5 month long at 16-17º C.

Weight of eggs - 1,4-1,9 gram. Size - 20-25mm / 11-14mm.

The incubation period is about 13-18 months.

IMG 2504 IMG 2505

Breeding statistics:

3 clutches from 3 females by 24, 25 and 26 eggs were obtained in February - April 2015.

For the moment – 16.09.2016 we have 8, 13 and 15 babies from each clutch accordingly.

The first hatched on 28.07.2016 and the last on 10.09.2016.

20 eggs are still in the incubator.

The percentage of unfertile eggs should be clear at the end of complete incubation period.

Babies mortality for the moment is fortunately ZERO!

Size of new hatched babies is 8-9,5 cm, including tail. Weight is 1,2-1,8 gram.

IMG 2506 IMG 2328

Babies are kept in groups (15,13 & 8) in terrariums 65x65x80cm.

The conditions are the same as for adults. They feed on small crickets and cockroaches and getting robust pretty fast.

IMG 2475 IMG 2498

We’ll publish more info (with author permission) about the unique experience of breeding & raising Furcifer balteatus later this year . 

STRONGLY HOPE THAT ESTABLISHING OF FURCIFER BALTEATUS IN HERPETOCULTURE COULD BE A GREAT ACHIEVMENT OF COMING YEAR.

P.S. Sergei Prokopiev is BION’s business partner since 1996 and successful chameleon’s breeder  having positive results with Chamaeleo calyptratus, Trioceros deremensis, T. hoehnelli, T. jaksonii, T. melleri, T. montium, T. quadricornis,  Furcifer pardalis,  F. lateralis,  F. balteatus, Calumma parsonii, etc.

For more info please check:

http://bion.com.ua/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=11&Itemid=143

 

The keeping & breeding of Mossy leaf-tail gecko (UROPLATUS SIKORAE) at BION Terrarium Center

by Anna Ivanuna & Lilya Krivosheeva

Ur sikkorae Moramanga F1   DSC02458 7 brend

Biology:  Uroplatus sikorae (Boettger, 1913) is a species of gecko commonly referred to as the mossy leaf-tailed gecko. Uroplatus sikorae is endemic to Madagascar. These geckos are an arboreal species relying on their natural camouflage as they dwell among the trees of the Eastern and central tropical forests of Madagascar.

Uroplatus sikorae distribution

Uroplatus sikorae has coloration developed as camouflage, most being grayish brown to black or greenish brown with various markings meant to resemble tree bark; down to the lichens and moss found on the bark.

The mossy leaf-tailed gecko ranges in size from 15 to 20 centimeters (6 to 8 in) when measured from nose to base of the tail.

BION Terrarium Center provides keeping and breeding of Uroplatus sikorae since 2012, and for 2016 we have a group of 22 males and 22 females in breeding project with this species.

The founder stock was legally imported as w.c. from Madagascar in 2012.

Ur sikorae Moramanga

The keeping conditions

Decorations: the big number of horizontal and vertical branches, live and plastic plants, lianas and piece of barks.

Substrate: soil with coconut chips as a lower level and small-size or middle-size bark pieces, covered with dry leaf-litter (usually, oak).

Illumination: we provide our animals up to 9 hours day light (with 5 UVB full spectrum lamp) during the breeding season, and 7 hours long day during autumn and winter period.

Temperature and heating: day 24-25ºC, night 21-23ºC. The 40 W lamps are used for basking spot, but basking temperature should be not more than 26ºC! The higher temperature can injure animals! During winter season no need to heat.

Humidity:75-85% - both for adults and babies reached by 2-3 spraying a day.

  Ur sikoraeDSC09787 2 brend  Ur sikoraeDSC09787 5 brend

Diet:  For adults: Turkestan cockroaches (Shelfordella tartara); locusts and crickets. The size of insects should be not more than 1.5 cm. From time to time we give them snails. Food is provided 1-2 times per week by 1-2 insects per head. If the certain animal has a tendency to obesity (due to low activity) number of feedings should be reduced.

For babies: Turkestan cockroaches (Shelfordella tartara) and crickets. The size of insects should be not more than 0.5 cm. Food is provided by following:

For specimens up to 2 months old – 2-3 times per week by 2-3 insects per head.

For speciemens older than 2 months – 1-2 times per week by 2-3 insects per head

Mineral supplements:  Every other feeding we sprinkle insects with calcium and vitamins. We use Zoo Med “Reptivit with D3” and “Reptivit without D3”, Reptical. Also we give “Mineral All-in-One” from Repashi one time per week.

Breeding

Males and females reach sexual maturity around 24-30 months.

We keep adult lizards in pairs (1:1).

One female makes 3-5 clutches per season. The clutch consists of 1-2 eggs.

In average 1 female gives up to 7 fertile eggs per season.

Incubation period takes 75-110 days with temperature 24 - 25°С (day) and 22 - 23°С (night). Lower incubation temperatures lead to a lengthening of the incubation period, but the kids are hatched stronger.

The size of new hatched babies is around 6-7 cm.

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 Breeding statistics:

-  In 2012 we have got 2 babies

-  In 2013 we have got 19 babies

-  In 2014 we have got 8 babies

-  In 2015 we have got 32 babies

Offsprings

The total length of new-hatched geckos is near 6-7 cm and they add by 0,5 cm to their size every 2 month. Group of 3-5 juveniles could be settled together.

 Ur sikkorae MDA  UNS2 DSC02563 4 brend

Veterinary

Geckos are liable to problems with shedding, which may be caused by low humidity or vitamin A deficit. To avoid it, you need to increase the overall humidity in the terrarium.

Also, in case of problems we give to drink them the solution of vitamin product “Chiktonik” (2-5 times in 2-3 days with concentration 1 part of vitamin for 100 parts of water) if any signs of shedding problems are visible.

 The second main problem is the luck of Calcium. Tremors, spasms in the limbs could appear. We give to such animals orally the solution: dry powder calcium diluted with glucose by 2-3 drops per head every other day until symptoms disappear. For adult animals also you can use solution of calcium chloride by 2-3 drops 2 times per week until symptoms disappear. After laying eggs we also give to every female orally solution of calcium chloride by 7-10 drops every other day.

Also these geckos are suffered from dehydration. Their tails are twisted. In this case we provide such animals orally Locke-Ringer solution by 4-6 drops every other day.

Useful sources:

 

 - Frank Glaw - Miguel Vences. 2007: Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag GbR 3rd Edition. 496 pp. Germany

 

 - Sacha Svatek and Susanna van Duin. 2001. Leaf-tailed geckos – the Genus Uroplatus.Brahmer-Verlag, 161 p. Germany

 

http://www.zooclub.ru/rept/vidy/139.shtml

http://www.zoopicture.ru/uroplatus-sikorae/

http://zoodb.ru/reptilia/squamata/gekkonidae/37545-Uroplatus-sikorae.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uroplatus_sikorae

 

The breeding of Yellow-headed Water Monitor ( VARANUS CUMINGI ) breeding at BION Terrarium Center

By Dmitri Tkachev & Ivan Neihzko

The Yellow-headed Water Monitor (Varanus cumingi) is one of the smallest members of Varanus salvator group, and one of the most bright-colored and attractive. It inhabits mangroves and tropic moist forest of Philippines (endemic species to Philippines islands), but can also be found in modified habitats in low- to mid- elevations. The density of populations is quite low.

cumingi-neu

Adult lizards usually attain a length of about 150 cm. The basic coloration of adults is dark with yellow bands mostly yellow head.

 AS other monitors V. cumingi is a diurnal  predaceous species. It’s preferable prey on fish, but small-scale rodents, lizards, amphibians, arthropods etc. could be eaten as well. Generally, we have fragmentary information about biology of these interesting  monitors.

The breeding in captivity of V. cumingi was successful several times, but still remains the significant event.

We recieved a pair of Yellow-headed water monitors as juveniles at 2013.  The first breeding in BION took place at 2015.

 

Keeping conditions

The size of enclosure is 150x100x100cm .

Substrate: bark pieces, leaf litter, wood scrap (from deciduous trees). The layer’s thickness is about 8 cm, providing a possibility of scrabbling.

Decoration: large water container about 25-30 cm depth, with filter, is provided necessary for drinking and swimming. The temperature of water is from 23 to 26 º C.

Illumination: full spectrum lamp. Day length from April till July is usually 14 hours, and from August till March 7 hours.

Temperature and heating: full spectrum lamp OSRAM 300 W provides 50º C  at  basking spot. UV light is  important for young animals, so we use UV lamp synchronous with full spectrum lamp. Temperature at the enclosure is 27-28º C at night and 28-32º C during daytime.

 Humidity: 60-80%.

Diet: adult animals receive rats, mice, fish, pieces of chicken hearts and eggs of quail. We feed them twice a week.

 Mineral supplements: 000.

Hibernation: gradually lowering of temperature and day length starts in October. Two weeks of wintering pass with the 24º C temperature and 7 hours day lighting. After the cold period, we return gradually heating and lighting   to the summer level. The warm period begins in April.

Breeding

According our experience V.cumingi in captivity become mature at the age of 2.5 years.

Breeding season begin in April, when we start observing mating, and lasts up to July. Male is quite aggressive then, and can even injure female quite serious(personal observation)! So, female needs more shelters during this period.

The first clutch we  in July 2015=5 eggs, 4 hathlings

Temperature of incubation: 29-30º C

Duration of incubation: 200-204 days.

Humidity during incubation: 70-90% (a drop of water should appear on the surface of substrate ( vermiculate)  after pressing ).

Offsprings

Hatching of each egg takes over 3 days. Youngs are aggressive, and we keep them separately, at the conditions, common to adult’s ones.

 

 

Their SV length was about 120 mm, with total 33 cm, weight is 30-36 g.

We keep young animals in plastic boxes.

Substrate: paper towels.

Humidity: babies need spraying on a daily base  + a water bowl.

Feeding: crickets and pieces rat meat, every second day.

Calcium supplement is offered with every feeding.

Veterinary

Till this moment, only problems with traumatized female took place in our lab during mating seazon. Surgery helped to cure animal.

Useful sources:

http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Varanus&species=cumingi

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/169897/0

http://www.monitor-lizards.net/species/soterosaurus/cumingi.html

http://www.bion.com.ua/index.php?option=com_phocagallery&view=category&id=153&Itemid=134

http://www.inaturalist.org/taxa/116296-Varanus-cumingi-samarensis

The keeping & breeding of Spearpoint leaf-tail gecko ( UROPLATUS EBENAUI ) at BION Terrarium Center

by Anna Ivanuna & Lilya Krivosheeva

Ur ebenaui black F 1  DSC02727 3

Biology: Uroplatus ebenaui (Boettger, 1879), commonly known as the spearpoint leaf-tail gecko, is an arboreal and nocturnal gecko, which is found on Nosy Bé island and in western and northern Madagascar. Uroplatus ebenaui lives in tropical rain forests and dry deciduous forests.

Uroplatus ebenaui distribution

Uroplatus ebenaui is the smallest species of Uroplatus and can reach a total length of around 80 mm (including tail). Uroplatus ebenaui resemble the closely related satanic leaf-tailed gecko (Uroplatus phantasticus), but lack a long leaf-like tail. They can be easily distinguished by the color present in the back of their throats; "true" Uroplatus ebenaui possess a black coloration while other subspecies have a pink coloration.

BION Terrarium Center provides keeping and breeding of Uroplatus ebenaui since 2014, and for 2016 we have a group of 6 males and 13 females in breeding project with this species.

The founder stock was legally imported as w.c. from Madagascar in 2013.

The keeping conditions

Enclosure:The terrarium size for adult species is not less than 45x45x45 cm. For babies from the beginning we use plastic boxes 30х15х20 cm in the first 1,5 – 2 months, in 2 months  we use the same terrarium as for adult specimens.

Decorations: the big number of thin branches (vertical and horizontal) and live plants are provided.

Illumination: we provide our animals 10 hours day light (with 5 UVB full spectrum lamp) during the breeding season, and 8 hours - long day during autumn -winter period.

  Ur ebenaui  DSC09779 3 brend

Temperature and heating: only in winter to maintain the temperature 24°C. Other time we keep them without heating. The optimal temperature for Uroplatus ebenaui is 19-22°C (night) and 24°C (day). The higher temperature can injure animals! The basking spot is not needed. 

Humidity:70-80% - both for adults and babies.

Diet: For adults: Turkestan cockroaches (Shelfordella tartara); lobster cockroaches (Nauphoeta cinerea), but this species of insects should be proposed with the help of tweezers, as insects bury to the substrate; crickets. The size of insects should be not more than 1.2 cm. Food is provided 1-2 times per week by 2-3 insects per head. If the certain animal has a tendency to obesity (due to low activity) the number of feedings should be reduced.

For babies: Turkestan cockroaches (Shelfordella tartara); lobster cockroaches (Nauphoeta cinerea), crickets. The size of insects should be not more than 0.7 cm. Food is provided by following:

For species up to 1,5 months old – 2-3 times per week by 3 insects per head.

For species older than 1,5 months – 1-2 times per week by 3 insects per head

Mineral supplements:  Every other feeding we sprinkle insects with calcium and vitamins. We use Zoo Med “Reptivit with D3” and “Reptivit without D3”, Reptical. Also we give “Mineral All-in-One” from Repashi one time per week.

Breeding

Males and females reach their sexual maturity around 24-30 months.

We keep adult lizards in pairs (1:1) or in groups (1:2).

One female makes 2-3 clutches per season. The clutch consists of 1-2 eggs.

In average 1 female gives up to 5 fertile eggs per season.

Incubation period takes 75-90 days, temperature 24 - 25 °С.

The size of new hatched babies is around 3 cm (including tail).

Breeding statistics:

-    In 2014 we have got 38 babies from 50 eggs

-    In 2015 we have got 37 babies from 48 eggs.

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Offsprings

The total size of new-hatched geckos is near 3 cm and they add by 0,5 cm to their size every 2 month. Up to 2 months old we keep them in plastic boxes not more than 2 pieces in every box. After that we use glass terrariums and keep them by 2-4 pieces depends on terrarium's dimensions.

IMG 0643 brend

Veterinary

Geckos are liable to problems with shedding, which may be caused by low humidity or vitamin A deficit. To avoid it, you need to increase the overall humidity in the terrarium.

Also, in case of problems we give to drink them the solution of vitamin product “Chiktonik” (2-5 times in 2-3 days with concentration 1 part of vitamin for 100 parts of water) if any signs of shedding problems are visible.

Useful sources:

 - Frank Glaw - Miguel Vences. 2007: Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag GbR 3rd Edition. 496 pp. Germany

 - Sacha Svatek and Susanna van Duin. 2001. Leaf-tailed geckos – the Genus Uroplatus.Brahmer-Verlag, 161 p. Germany

 http://vitawater.ru/terra/auth-mat/edmonds/uroplat.shtml

http://zoopitomec.org.ua/p14972867-ploskohvostyj-gekkon-ebenaui.html

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/172792/0

http://clasbio.ru/classification.php?id=80224

http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Uroplatus&species=ebenaui

The keeping & breeding of Northern Flat-tail gecko ( UROPLATUS ALLUAUDI ) at BION Terrarium Center

By Dmitri Tkachev & Anna Ivanuna

Uroplatus  allaudi  M2  DSC04183

Biology: Uroplatus alluaudi (Mocquard, 1894) is a medium-sized leaf-tailed gecko with a snout-vent length (SVL) of between 69-79 mm (Glaw and Vences, 2007). The species is found in dense transition forest at medium altitude associated with the sub-humid microclimate. It is described as arboreal, and can occur in anthropogenically disturbed habitat (D'Cruze et al., 2008). The species can be confused with U. guentheri. 

 Ur allaudi  F 1  DSC01860 Ur allaudi  M 2  DSC01856

Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar. Prior to 2006, the species was only known from its type locality and was believed to have a range restricted to the isolated northern rainforest of Montagne d’Ambre.

Uroplatus alluaudi distribution 

Source:  The initial found stock was obtained  at 2012 as the custom’s confiscate. Together with others partners - we launched a joint pilot project  with this species.  In 2015, in the context of BION’s general Uroplatus breeding program,  we formed the found stock  and  began to continue this project independently.  BION Terrarium Center currently has breeding stock: 7 adult males and 7 females as  the first generation(F1) .

The keeping conditions

Enclosure: adult animals are kept in pairs. The terrarium size is 45x45x60 cm.

Uroplatus  allaudi  terr   DSC04190  Uroplatus  allaudi  terr babys   DSC04211

Substrate: the level of small bark pieces, covered with dry leaf-litter (usually, oak).

Decoration: a number of shelters inside the enclosure are provided. We use tree branches with hollows, bamboo tubes, coco shells, etc. Live and plastic plants are used as well. Water bowl should be used on a daily base.

Illumination: full spectrum lamps are used on a daily base.  We provide day length up to 10 hours in breeding season and 6-8 hours in autumn-winter season.

Temperature and heating: day 23-26ºC, night 20-23ºC in summer; day 22-26ºC, night 16-20ºC in winter. The 40 W lamps are used for basking spot, but basking temperature should be not more than 29ºC. During winter season the period of heating is 2-5 hours per day only.

Humidity: 60-80% - both for adults and babies.

Diet:  We feed our Uroplatus alluaudi by Shefordella tartara, Pyralidae sps. and crickets. The  insect’s size is not less than 15 mm for adults and not less than 7 mm for babies. We give 1-2 insects per each feeding to adult lizard 1 or 2 times a week and 3 insects per each feeding to juvenile lizard 2 or 3 times a week.

If the animal has a tendency to obesity (due to low activity), number of feedings should be reduced.

Mineral supplements: we use Calcium powder every second feeding (with insects) and sometimes we use D3. We also use multivitamins once per week.

We offer additional calcium supplements to females after each egg laying  in a liquid form - calcium gluconate or calcium chloride (0.2 ml for one individual in a day, 5 times at all)

Breeding

Animals become sexually mature at the age of 18 month. Females are larger than males of the same age.

For today (06.04.2016) we   received from our females up to 3 clutches (1-2 eggs in each) during the breeding season (from September to December 2015):

Ur allaudi кладка 29.01.2016 1 

1st female - 3 clutches of 2 eggs

2nd female - 3 clutches of 2 eggs

3rd female - 2 clutches (1 and 2 eggs accordingly)

4th female - 2 clutches of 2 eggs

5th female - 1 clutch (2 egg)

6th female - 1 clutch (2 eggs)

7th-female - 3 clutch (3 eggs) (unfertile)

U.allaudi clutches 

Hibernation: To stimulate breeding in 2016 we provide  mild hibernation  at their cages. Males and females were kept separately( from the beginning of January to mid-February (1.5 months) at temperatures of 20-23ºC during the day and 18-20ºC at night, gradually reducing the temperature and illumination). Feeding: once per week by 1-2 crickets .

Breeding statistics

2015 – we received 15 clutches totally (26 eggs = 22 eggs good + 2 eggs became bad during incubation + 2 eggs unfertile)

2016 – in January  we received first 4 babies in January, and 2 babies in March.

Offsprings 6 babies ( according the last report on 6.04.2016)

The TL (total length) of newborn babies is around 40-50 mm

 1 DSC02854а 2 DSC02870а

The duration of Incubation period  - 74-124 days

 Uroplatus  allaudi   baby DSC04223 Ur allaudi uns  BC DSC03184

Veterinary

Geckos, especially babies are liable to problems with shedding, which may be caused by low humidity or vitamin A deficit. To avoid it, the high humidity at the enclosures is necessary.

Also, in case of problems we spray our animals with solution of vitamin product “Chiktonik” (2-5 times a day, twice a week, with concentration 1 part of  vitamin for 100 parts of water) if any signs of shedding problems are visible.

Conclusion

Despite these species are extremely rare in captivity because of luck of the official quotes for export they could be breed on a regular base in case of proper care and conditions.

As the matter of fact for today BION is one of very few  legal sources of these lizards in captivity.

Useful sources

Frank Glaw - Miguel Vences. 2007: Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag GbR 3rd Edition. 496 pp. Germany

Sacha Svatek and Susanna van Duin. 2001. Leaf-tailed geckos – the Genus Uroplatus. Brahmer-Verlag, 161 p. Germany

-http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Uroplatus&species=alluaudi&search_param=%28%28search%3D%27uroplatus%27%29%29

-https://www.researchgate.net/publication/237417879_A_new_finding_of_Uroplatus_alluaudi_in_north-eastern_Madagascar_widens_considerably_its_distribution_range_Reptilia_Gekkonidae