Breeding & keeping info

The experience of Eublepharis hardwickii keeping and breeding at BION Terrarium Center

by Dmitri Tkachev,  Ivan Neizhko  & Anna Golenko

The Eastern Indian Leopard Gecko (Eublepharis hardwickii) inhabits the low mountain region of East India and Bangladesh, where it could be found around 500-1,500 m above sea level.

Adult animals attain a length of 20-23 cm. The coloration of adults is similar to Hemitheconyx or Goniurosaurus.

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E. hardwickii is a nocturnal insectivorous species. It prefer moist and dry forests and can be found under big boulders and in hollows at the base of trees. Sometimes it could be found at the human settlements.

This species is not listed by CITES. However, it’s still rare in captivity and extremely interesting for keeping and breeding .

For May 2015, the breeding group of Indian Leopard Geckos in BION includes 1 adult male and 4 females. Currently we have 6 clutches 3 juveniles.

The typical enclosure conditions

For the adult group we recommend to use the enclosure not less than 500x450x400 cm. The bottom area should not be less than 0,2 m². Except the breeding season, we keep adults separately.

Substrate: paper sheets or clay.

Decoration:  bamboo and stones shelters , moist chamber (with moss or wet paper sheets), water bowl.

Illumination: full spectrum lamp is needed only for youngs. For adults we use  fluorescent  lamps. Day length is usually 12 hours and up to 14 hours for the breeding season.

Temperature and heating: we don`t use spot lamps for this species. Temperature at the enclosures should be about 22-23º C at night and 25-26º C (not more than 28º C!) in the daytime.

Humidity: 70-80% (spraying with warm water 3 times a day).

Diet: adult animals receive crickets (4-6 ones 3-4 times per week), Shefordella tartara (5 insects once per week, immobilized), baby mice (one per week for gravid females and females after making clutch).

Mineral supplements: we give Calcium 3-4 times a week  with crickets, and there is a dish with a powder of Calcium with D3 at the enclosure.

Hibernation: the period of hibernation takes about 75 days (usually, from January till February). Temperature: 16-18º C. Humidity: 70-80%. Illumination: not used. Water bowl and moist chamber are necessary. Before and after wintering we bring down and raise temperature gradually during 14 days.

Breeding

Eublepharis hardwickii become sexually mature at the age of 12-18 month. During the breeding season animals need a higher humidity, 14 hours day and the moist chamber with wet coco bark. For mating, we keep adults in groups of 1 male with 1-3 females.

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Pregnancy takes about 19-20 days after mating. The interval between clutches is also 19-20 days.

Temperature of incubation: 28º C to obtain females and 32º C to obtain males.

Humidity for incubation: 70-80% (a drop of water should appear on the surface of substrate – vermiculate – after pressing it).

Offsprings

We keep young animals in plastic boxes until 3 month age. We recommend to use ferplasts 45x30x30 cm for every individual.

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Substrate: paper towels.

Humidity: babies need spraying 2-3 times a day and a moist chamber.

In the age of 3 month, we remove youngs to the bigger terrariums. Mails should be kept separately, and females could be placed in couples.

Feeding: crickets and cockroaches of useful size.

Calcium should be proposed with every feeding.

Veterinary

Calcium is very important to prevent problems with health of this geckos. So, animals should receive calcium with every feeding and at the dish in their enclosure.

If juveniles show the first signs of richets, you should promptly give them high UV illumination (for example, 280 nm 2 minutes once per 2 days) and more calcium (calcium gluconate in liquid should be offered orally by 2-3 drops every other day) until absolute recovery.

Useful sources:

www.iucnredlist.org/details/174115/0

-http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Eublepharis&species=hardwickii

- The Eyelash Geckos, Care, Breeding and Natural History by Andreas Kirschner, Yuri Kaverkin, Hermann Seufer (Hollywood Import & Export, Inc. 2005)